Kitchen Tips

Cooking or Baking Apples

When cooking or baking with apples, following are some things to consider:

  • The tart taste of an apple is best for cooking; sweeter apples are preferred for salads.
  • Three medium apples equal:
    • one pound of apples,
    • 3 cups of diced apples,
    • 2-3/4 cup of sliced apples
  • One pound of apples equal:
    • four small apples
    • three medium apples
    • two large apples
    • 1-1/2 cup applesauce
  • For a 9-inch apple pie, use 6 to 8 medium apples.
  • Two pounds of apples makes three cups of applesauce.
  • 1 bushel of apples makes 16 to 20 quarts of applesauce.

Browning of Apples (i.e. Oxidation)

When fresh apples are peeled or cut open, the apple's cells are exposed and react with the oxygen in the air. The reaction that occurs - called oxidation - is what turns the apple brown.

Some tips to keep apples from browning:

  • Use a solution of one part citrus (lemon or lime juice) to one part water; soak apples
  • Ascorbic acid , a commercial product found in health food stores and drugstores can also be added to water to create an anti-browning solution and does not change the flavor of the apples.
  • Dip the slices in lemon-lime soda.
  • Soak apples slices in apple juice until ready to use. The acidity in the apple juice prevents the apple slices from browning and doesn't change the flavor of the apple.
  • Brush the surface of the apple with lemon juice.
  • Place apples in water that has had lemon juice or cider vinegar added to make it acidulated. The squeezed lemon can also be cut into slices and added to help acidulate the water. Juice from other citrus fruit can also be used, such as oranges and grapefruit. Use approximately 1/4 cup lemon juice to 1 quart of cold water.
  • An easy way to prevent browning when slicing apples for quick use is to put the sliced apples in water so that the enzyme does not have access to oxygen.

*If using any tip that requires soaking apples in a solution, do not over soak the apples. Drain and pat dry before using.

Storing Apples

  • Apples like to be cool. For best results and longevity, storing them in the refrigerator or in an unheated section of a basement will help keep your apples fresh. Apples do absorb odors, so be careful where you store them if for a prolonged period of time.
  • Some apples will store longer than others. Be sure to know your apple variety and its longevity.

This information was compiled in part from the following websites:
http://www.bellybytes.com/recipe/apples/apple01.html
http://www.allaboutapples.com/cooking/